Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014, Page: 19-26
The Effects of Money Supply on Inflation in Tanzania
James Ezekiel Mbongo, Department of Labour and Price, National Bureau of Statistics, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Felician Mutasa, The Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Robert Ebihart Msigwa, School of Mathematical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, China P. R
Received: May 11, 2014;       Accepted: Jun. 14, 2014;       Published: Jun. 30, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.eco.20140302.11      View  2880      Downloads  723
Abstract
This paper examines the effects of money supply on inflation in Tanzania. This study uses secondary data extracted from two sources, namely; the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) and Central Bank of Tanzania (BoT), where all variables employed in the analysis are extracted. The study applies OLS, VAR and ECM technique to examine the effect of selected variables on inflation in Tanzania. OLS and ECM results show that money supply and exchange rate have significant impact on inflation in the short and long run. Further, VAR findings indicate that the current inflation can be influenced by the past state inflation. Therefore, the government of Tanzania is recommended to impose tight monetary policies and expand the proportion of money in the economy from informal to formal transaction. The successful implementation of the suggested indicators to evaluate the inflation in the country will help to cure the instability of inflation, in turn will direct the economy of the country to preferable level.
Keywords
Inflation, Money Supply, Exchange Rate, Tanzania
To cite this article
James Ezekiel Mbongo, Felician Mutasa, Robert Ebihart Msigwa, The Effects of Money Supply on Inflation in Tanzania, Economics. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2014, pp. 19-26. doi: 10.11648/j.eco.20140302.11
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