Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 56-60
Economic Importance of Claw Health Problems in Ethiopian Dairy Cows: Causes and Methods of Improvement
Amanuel Bekuma, Department of Animal Science, Mettu University, Bedele, Ethiopia
Tekalign Tadesse, Department of Animal Science, Mettu University, Bedele, Ethiopia
Hirpha Ketema, Department of Animal Production, Holeta Polytechnic College, Holeta, Ethiopia
Received: Dec. 26, 2018;       Accepted: Jan. 15, 2019;       Published: Feb. 20, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.eco.20180704.11      View  177      Downloads  46
Abstract
Even though a claw health problem is underestimated by many dairy producers in Ethiopia, it is widely regarded as one of the major productivity, health and welfare issues for dairy cows. Its negative impacts are many; decreased milk yield, lowered reproductive performance, increased involuntary cull rates, discarded milk, and the additional labor costs to manage these cows accounts for the largest monetary loses. Nutrition and feeding, housing and environment, concurrent disease, genetic influences, and management factors are all predispose a cow to claw health problems. Laminitis, claw disease, digital dermatitis, and foot rot are the most frequent causes of claw health problems. Since claw health problems have substantial economic loses to dairy producers, it is important to alleviate its negative impacts. Therefore, proper hoof trimming, providing appropriate nutrition, improving housing and environment, good management practices and awareness creation are among the best improvement strategies of claw health problems in dairy cows in Ethiopia.
Keywords
Claw Health, Causes, Dairy Cow, Economic Importance, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Amanuel Bekuma, Tekalign Tadesse, Hirpha Ketema, Economic Importance of Claw Health Problems in Ethiopian Dairy Cows: Causes and Methods of Improvement, Economics. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2018, pp. 56-60. doi: 10.11648/j.eco.20180704.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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