Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 44-48
Gender, Education and Poverty in DR Congo: A Microeconomic Analysis Based on the Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition
Dieu-Merci Akonkwa Nyamuhirwa, Department of Socioeconomics, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Bukavu, DR Congo
Received: Jan. 9, 2019;       Accepted: Feb. 13, 2019;       Published: Apr. 29, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.eco.20190802.11      View  26      Downloads  17
Abstract
This paper analyzes gender, education and poverty in DRC through a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition approach. The latter was needed in this study to judge the difference in level of consumption expenditure per adult equivalent per day depending on whether the household is headed by a man or a woman. Preliminary results based on the regression of the variable of interest (consumption expenditure per adult equivalent per day) on the endogenous variables considered (the age of the head of the household and his level of education) showed that age of household head is negatively influences the dependent variable when the head of household is a man and positively when it is a woman. It has also been found that educational attainment significantly influences the dependent variable at all levels of the education system considered in the female-headed household group. The decomposition showed that if female heads of household had the same endowments as men then the consumption expenditure per adult equivalent per day would decrease by approximately $ 0.0334. In short, differences in staffing between male and female head of household are more beneficial to the household when the woman participates in the management of the household.
Keywords
Gender, Education, Poverty, Oaxaca-Blinder
To cite this article
Dieu-Merci Akonkwa Nyamuhirwa, Gender, Education and Poverty in DR Congo: A Microeconomic Analysis Based on the Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition, Economics. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2019, pp. 44-48. doi: 10.11648/j.eco.20190802.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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